What is sialadenitis?

Sialadenitis is a condition relating to the salivary gland when it becomes inflamed or infected. This can happen suddenly (acute) or is persistent and you may have had it over a period of time (chronic). You may feel your salivary glands are swollen and tender and you may have a fever. It can also be painful when eating.

The most common cause of sialadenitis is bacterial infection due to a blockage in the salivary duct. Bacteria collects in the stagnant saliva and can cause an infection of the salivary duct and gland. Blockages can be caused by salivary stones or a narrowing of the salivary gland. Viral infections (such as mumps), dehydration and poor oral hygiene can also cause sialadenitis.

Diagnostics such as X-rays, ultrasound scans and a Sialogram can help diagnose the condition.

Treatment includes compresses, good hydration, massage, sialogogues (such as lemon barley or lemon sherberts) and antibiotics which can usually settle the symptoms. However, if surgery is required, removal of salivary stones or excision of the submandibular gland is recommended.

You can find further information about sialadenitis and how it is treated here. If you think you may be suffering with sialadenitis, please contact us to arrange a consultation.